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Scoliosis - How to Spot It and How to Treat It

Scoliosis - How to Spot It and How to Treat It

Scoliosis is a condition that affects the spine, and it can be mild, moderate, or severe. The severity of the scoliosis will be based on the number and location of the curvatures in the spine. The most common type of scoliosis, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), occurs in adolescence and is thought to be caused by changes in the alignment of the spine during development. There are three types of AIS: idiopathic (no known cause), congenital-idiopathic (the cause is unknown but may be genetics), and syndrome-related scoliosis (AIS caused by other conditions like muscular dystrophy or cerebral palsy). Although scoliosis can severely affect an individual's quality of life, there are treatments available that can help to improve the curve of the spine.


Incidence and Prevalence

Scoliosis is a disorder that affects the spine and can cause pain, disability, and social isolation. It is usually diagnosed in girls between the ages of 8 and 12 years old, but it can occur at any age. Treatments include surgery, physical therapy, bracing or a combination of both. There is no cure for scoliosis, but treatment helps to improve symptoms over time. If you or someone you know is experiencing scoliosis, it is important to get the diagnosis and seek the appropriate treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment is key to improving the quality of life for those affected by scoliosis.


Who is affected

If you're a parent of a child who is struggling with scoliosis, it can be very frustrating not knowing what to do. The condition affects children and adults of all ages, but is most commonly found in females between the ages of 10-16 years old. There are four types of scoliosis - congenital (due at birth), neuromuscular (a result from muscular dystrophy), degenerative (a deterioration caused by aging or arthritis), and idiopathic (unknown cause).

Treatment usually starts with genetic testing and specialized scoliosis exercises. If the diagnosis is idiopathic scoliosis, then surgical treatment may also be necessary.


What are the different types of scoliosis?

If you're worried about your child's spine, you're not alone. scoliosis is a spine condition that is becoming more and more prevalent, and it can cause pain and problems in different areas of the body. But don't worry, scoliosis is treatable and there are many different types that can be explained in detail below. Before you go rushing to the doctor, it's important to know the different types of scoliosis and the signs that your child may have it. There are 4 types of scoliosis - infantile, juvenile, adolescent, and degenerative scoliosis (older adults) - each with its own cause and treatment. To identify scoliosis, your doctor will use an X-ray or MRI to take pictures of your child's spine. Treatment for scoliosis typically involves genetic testing, nutrient therapies, and scoliosis-specific exercises. So, if you're worried about your child's spine, don't wait - get them checked out today!

 What Are The Different Types of Scoliosis? | Rolling Hills Medical

Congenital Scoliosis

Congenital scoliosis is a type of scoliosis that develops in the first few months or years of life. It can be diagnosed at birth, and treatment usually includes casting, bracing or surgery. If left untreated, congenital scoliosis can lead to serious health complications such as joint deformity or cor pulmonale (a condition where the lungs do not work properly).


Idiopathic Scoliosis

Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common kind of scoliosis and it is caused by combinations of genetic variants or mutations. The treatment usually involves exercises, supplements, bracing and/or surgery (fuse) to improve the spinal curvature. Idiopathic scoliosis affects females 7 times more than males. It is crucial to determine the cause of scoliosis (genetic variant pattern) in individuals with idiopathic scoliosis so the most effective scoliosis supplements can be prescribed as part of the overall treatment effort.


What Causes Idiopathic Scoliosis?

Idiopathic scoliosis are curves of the spine that is not due to physical trauma or pain. It's the most common type of scoliosis, affecting people of all ages and races. The cause can be traced back to genetic variants, which can be diagnosed with a home-collected saliva test for risk factors. It can even help determine the risk for severe scoliosis.

There are various treatments available for idiopathic scoliosis - depending on the specific patient's genetic pattern and symptoms. Some recommendations may include regular spinal manipulations (manipulative therapy), dietary adjustments, hormone therapy, and spinal fusion surgery if pain or functional impairment persists after other measures have been taken.


Neuromuscular Scoliosis

Neuromuscular scoliosis is a curvature of the spine that is caused by an underlying neurological disorder. While there are three types of scoliosis - idiopathic, neuromuscular (NM) and congenital- NM scoliosis results from a neurological disorder in the brain. Some common causes of NM scoliosis include cerebral palsy and polio- which cause muscular weakness in different parts of the body. This kind of scoliosis often occurs as the result of complications during pregnancy or birth, when muscles around the spine don't develop properly due to lack of oxygen or inadequate stimulation. Other risk factors for severe scoliosis may be present as well.


Symptoms/Signs of scoliosis

If you or someone you know may be suffering from scoliosis, it's important to get the diagnosis and treatment right as soon as possible. The signs/symptoms of scoliosis can be debilitating and cause pain in the back, neck, and spine. If left untreated, scoliosis can cause further curvature of the spine, which can cause difficulty breathing, walking, and even sitting. It is important to get genetic testing and early-stage intervention for scoliosis so that the treatments are as effective as possible. If you suspect that your child may have scoliosis, it is important to get them evaluated by a doctor as soon as possible!


How Is Scoliosis Diagnosed?

Scoliosis can result from structural or functional problems. It typically progresses slowly over time, but may not be noticed until it has progressed quite a bit. A cobb angle of 10 degrees or more on a full spine standing x-ray indicates scoliosis and symptoms will likely include pain, backache, and difficulty breathing.

It is important to seek medical help if you notice any of the following signs: back pain that doesn't go away with rest, curvature greater than 5 degrees when viewed in profile, chest pain upon deep breathing (especially after sitting up), unusual position at work or during activities such as climbing stairs or playing sports. In addition to treatment recommendations specific to scoliosis, maintaining good physical activity can also help reduce its severity and improve posture overall.


Treatments for scoliosis

If you're experiencing pain or discomfort in your back or spine, it's time to consult a doctor. Scoliosis is a condition where the spine curves to one side or the other. It can cause pain and disability, and the only way to treat it is by using various treatment options. Here are the four most likely types of scoliosis treatment:


Observation (mild scoliosis only)

If you are experiencing any of the following scoliosis symptoms, it is best to visit a doctor for an examination: Poor posture, uneven hips, and/or shoulders.

Treatment for scoliosis will often depend on the severity of the case and may include surgery (if required), physiotherapy, or chiropractic care.



Exercise is an important part of the treatment for scoliosis. It not only helps to improve your quality of life, but it also hastens the progression of scoliosis if done correctly.

While there are different exercises that can be prescribed by your doctor, a combination of them is usually most effective in treating this condition. Make sure you start slowly and gradually increase the intensity as you get better acquainted with the routine!



If you are suffering from scoliosis, brace treatment could be the answer to your prayers. There are various types of braces available that can help correct the spine curve. The type of brace you choose will depend on a number of factors, including the severity of the scoliosis and your age.

Wearing a brace is not always easy - it requires patience and strict adherence to all doctor's instructions. Rehabilitation after treatment is also important in order to restore mobility and improve posture- both factor into overall quality-of-life for those who have undergone spinal fusion surgery or bracing treatments.


Surgery (severe cases)

There is no one-size-fits-all answer when it comes to surgery for scoliosis. However, the benefits of this treatment are clear - it improves the spine curves and stops further progression. Surgery is considered the most invasive treatment for scoliosis and should be considered only after other options (including therapy) have failed.

There are two types of surgery available - fusion and spinal tethering. Fusion surgery replaces degenerated vertebrae with metal implants, while spinal tethering uses a device to adjust or realign the spine's bones without putting any metal rods in place. Surgery is often recommended as a last resort due to its higher risk of complications such as infection or pain post-surgery.

The decision whether or not to undergo surgery is based on several factors including your age, health status, goals for treatment, number of back deformities, etc., so don't hesitate to consult with a doctor about this issue if you're struggling with scoliosis symptoms so you don't get hooked on painkillers!




Scoliosis is a curvature of the spine that can cause back deformities, pain and stiffness. If you are experiencing scoliosis, it is important to get it treated as soon as possible. There are different types of scoliosis, and each requires a different treatment approach.